14 in Europe. a philosophy born in the century is a view of art and science.


14 in Europe. a philosophy born in the century is a view of art and science. The pioneers of this view, a movement against medieval thought, were Erasmus, Petrarca and Poggio. Humanism, based on the evaluation of human intelligence, led to the birth of the Renaissance. Thanks to humanism, the medieval view of man as an inanimate part of nature was put to an end. Man's mind and intelligence were evaluated. In this way, Western civilization began to make great progress.

Humanism and religion

Humanism explicitly rejects the teaching of supernatural beliefs in human matters, but does not target the beliefs themselves. Humanism is the opposite of nationalism, and it is not just to love a person of one race, but to love all people indiscriminately. The Turkish meaning of the name is humanism (human). It can generally be integrated with atheism and agnosticism, but humanist understanding is not for them. Humanism is an ethics-based view that is not interested in the existence of such supernatural powers. the principle of a secular stance of life and the attempt to liberate people in the face of every authority is the definition of humanism.

According to humanism, finding the truth is a human ability. However, the method of finding the truth cannot be followed by mysticism, mysticism, tradition and methods such as these that do not integrate with common valid evidence and logic. This desire for truth must be satisfied by scientific skepticism and scientific method, not by blind acceptance. While he also rejects authority and extreme skepticism, he does not accept the impact of fate on events. It argues that knowledge of right and wrong can be reached by the most accurate perception of personal and shared consciousness.

Besides this, humanism rejects the notion that man is more special than all other living species. Humanist philosopher Peter Singer stated that " although there are many exceptions, most humanists cannot free themselves from the greatest dogma... prejudiced speciality... Humanists must stand up to thoughtless abuses against other living species."he states the naturalism and animalism of humanism. He adds that we have no God-given right to rule over other creatures.

Humanism approaches human capacity optimistically, and does not argue that human nature is all good, or that all human beings can achieve the rational and spiritual values espoused by humanism. This goal requires perseverance for the individual and the help of others. Human development is the goal of humanism, to make life better for all people. Humanism concentrates on doing beautiful things, Living Well here and now, and leaving a better world for the future.

History of humanism

Humanism can be based on the Renaissance, The Golden Age of Islam, and ancient Greek ruins, and even humanist thought can be seen in Buddha and Confucius. In addition, the term humanism is more associated with Western philosophy. The term humanism 19. early in the century, 15. it derives from the word umanista, which was said in Century Italy for those interested in classical literature.

What is humanism?

The first problem that renaissance thought has taken over and processed according to ancient examples is the human problem. It is the name given to the studies that investigate what is the place of man in this world that is unique to man. The term humanism was first evaluated from a philological point of view.However, there could not be a scientific current if evaluated only from this point of view. However, humanism is a movement that expresses the sense and understanding of modern man's life in a broad sense.

Humanism in ancient Greece

6 BC. Thales of Miletus and Xenophanes of Colophon, who lived in the century, prepared the way for humanist thought for those after them. While Thales " made self-knowledge sit at the center of his world, he refused to believe in the gods of the Xenophanes era and placed the celebration on the universe and things in the universe.

Anaxagoras, who came later and was seen as the first free thinker, contributed to scientific methods and demonstrated another way of understanding the universe. Pericles, a student of anaksagoras, also advocated and influenced the formation of democracy, free thought. Protagoras and Democritus, though few of his writings have survived to this day, have also embraced obscurity and argued that their spiritual existence is independent of a supernatural being.

What is the meaning of humanism in the dictionary?

  1. humanism, the ideal of loving people.
  2.  - (in education) classical cultural research.