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Who Is Tim Berners-Lee? Father Of The Web
Who Is Tim Berners-Lee? Father Of The Web
Tim Berners-Lee is actually a person who has somehow entered all of our lives. Because he is the inventor of the” World Wide Web“, that is, the” www " that we know briefly. The inventor of this worldwide network, Berners-Lee is also an engineer and professor of Computer Science. So who is the web's father, Tim Berners-Lee?
Who Is Tim Berners-Lee?
Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee was born in London on 8 June 1955. He was born as the eldest child in a family of four children. Mary Lee Woods and Conway Berners-Lee, Berners-Lee's parents, were computer scientists who worked on the first commercial computer, called the Ferranti Mark 1.
Berners-Lee started his education at Sheen Mount Primary School and then went to Emanuel School. In 1973, he continued his education at the Queen's College, Oxford. From there he received his first-class Bachelor's degree in physics. Berners-Lee, who learned electronics by tampering with a model railroad, made a computer with an old television set that he bought from a repair shop when he was in college.
After graduating from college, Berners-Lee began his career at Plessey, a telecommunications company. He worked here as an engineer. Later, in 1978, he joined DG Nash. Here he helped create software for printers.
In June December 1980, Berners-Lee worked for CERN for a short time (June 1980 - December 1980). He was working as an independent contractor for a company at CERN. While here, he proposed a project to facilitate information sharing among researchers and to make updates easy. The project was based on the concept of hypertext, and a prototype was made called ENQUIRE. ENQUIRE also formed the foundations of the WWW (World Wide Web).
During his short stay at CERN, he laid the foundations for www, and then when he left there, he started working for a company called John Poole's Image Computer Systems. Lee, who led the company's technical department for three years, has also gained experience in computer networking.
In 1984, Berners-Lee returned to CERN. In 1989, CERN had the largest internet node (internet nodes) in Europe. Berners-Lee took advantage of this to combine the idea of hypertext with the TCP protocol and the domain name system. In this way, the World Wide Web was born.
First web server and client written by Berners-Lee on December 20, 1990 “info.cern.ch " published at the address. In the system he wrote, he used ideas similar to those of the ENQUIRE system. info.cern.ch his address was the address of the world's first website and server that worked for next information at CERN.
Establishing The World Wide Web Consortium
In 1994, Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) at MIT. W3C is a Web standards organization and aims to improve the quality of the web.
Berners-Lee did not seek any patents or royalties for his contributions to technology. He made it freely available. The W3C decided that the standards must be royalty-free for developments to be adopted by all.
The Computer Science Laboratory, founded in 1994 by the World Wide Web Consortium, merged with the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory in 2003. Thus, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology had a Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
In 2004, he became head of computer science at the Faculty of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton.
In 2009, Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Foundation, of which he is the director. This foundation is a non-profit organization dedicated to creating a world where all people can use the web to communicate freely, innovate and collaborate.
In 2011, Sir Tim was elected to the Ford Foundation's Board of Trustees.
In 2016, Berners-Lee became a professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Oxford.
The World Wide Web
One of the answers to the WHO is Tim Berners-Lee question is”the father of the web." Tim Berners Lee took the idea of hypertext and combined it with TCP (transmission control protocol) and domain name system, resulting in the World Wide Web.
The World Wide Web is actually an information system. It consists of hyper-text documents published on the Internet and linked to each other - each document is called a Web page. These web pages can contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia elements.
The basis of the web is the internet. Although confused, the term Web and internet do not describe the same phenomenon. A Web is a service installed on the internet.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is the protocol that Web servers and browsers use to communicate among themselves. Web servers are also called HTTP servers. The phrase” World-Wide-Web " refers to the collective network of servers that agree with HTTP.
Tim Berners-Lee Awards
Tim Berners-Lee has received many awards and honors. It is also worth noting that there are many awards and honors that are not included in our list, since this list will be quite long.
• Young Innovator Of The Year Award by the Kilby Foundation in 1995
• In 1995, ACM Software Systems Award
• By the IEEE Computer Society in 1996, W. Wallace McDowell Award
• In 1996, IET Mountbatten medal
• In 1997, IEEE Koji Kobayashi computers and Communication Award
• Lord Lloyd of Kilgerran Award by the Foundation for Science and Technology in 1998
• In 2000, the Royal Medal
• In 2001, Sir Frank Whittle medal
• In 2002, Japanese Science Prize
• In 2002, the Marconi Award
• In 2002, The Princess of Asturias Award
• Millennium Technology Award by the Finnish Academy of Technology in 2004
• In 2012, he was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame for Innovators.